عنوان مقاله [English]
Up to now, many studies have been conducted to investigate the role of nuclear energy in reducing environmental costs and climate changes considering the different economic models and energy scenarios in different countries. However, to best of our knowledge, there is no report on this subject in Iran. This study presents a model based on dynamic programming which compares the environmental costs of nuclear power plants with other power plants such as fossil, renewable, gas, steam and combined cycle plants. This model evaluates the impact of external costs in the future planning of electrical energy and by considering baseline and nuclear scenarios, impact studies of external costs are performed. In order to verify the proposed model, the results were compared with the available data and MESSAGE results, and the accuracy of this model was proved. According to this research, nuclear power is an effective strategy for reducing environmental pollution in the future
 M. Lehtveer, F. Hedenus, How much can nuclear power reduce climate mitigation cost? Critical parameters and sensitivity, Energy Policy, 6 (2015) 12-19.
 A.B. Karaveli, U. Soytas, B.G. Akinoglu, Comparison of large scale solar PV (photovoltaic) and nuclear power plant investments in an emerging market, Energy, (2015) 1-10.
 D. Kennedy, New nuclear power generation in the UK: Cost benefit analysis, Energy Policy, 35 (2007) 3701–3716.
 L. Mez, Nuclear energy–Any solution for sustainability and climate protection?, Energy Policy, 48 (2012) 56–63.
 M. Hibbs, Nuclear energy 2011: A watershed year, in Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 68(1) (2012) 10–19.
 A.H. Ghorashi, Prospects of nuclear power plants for sustainable energy development in Islamic Republic of Iran, Energy Policy, 35(3) (2007) 1643–1647.
 Ministry of Energy, Deputy Director of Energy Affairs, Demand Group, Review of Energy Models, (2000).
 A. Kazemi, H. Shakouri Ganjavi, S. Shakiba, M. Hosseinzade, Selection of the Appropriate Model for Energy Resources Allocation in Iran using the Hierarchical Analysis Process, Iran Energy Journal, 16(2) (2013) 31-60.
 H. Asbjorn Aaheim, Nathan Rive, A Model for Global Responses to Anthropogenic Changes in the Environment (GRACE), CICERO Report 2005, 05 (2005) 1-22.
 Statistics of Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Total Index of Prices for Goods and Services in Urban Areas of Iran, (2014).
 Ministry of Energy, Deputy Director of Energy Affairs, Power and Energy Planning Office, Energy Balance Sheet, (2013).
 Ministry of Energy, Tavanir Specialist Company, Ten Years Trend of Iranian Power Industry, (2014).
 H.E. Shaalan, (2003) Generation of Electric Power: Section 8, Retrieved February, 30, 2014, fromhttp://energysystems.princeton.edu/EnergyResources/GenerElectPower_Shalaan.pdf.
 I. Roth, L. Ambs, Incorporating externalities into a full cost approach to electric power generation life-cycle costing, Energy, 29(12-15) (2004) 2125–2144.
 S.A. Shafiei, V. Arianpour, S. Shakiba, M. Hosseinzade, Planning the structure of the electrical energy supply system and setting the required information database, Ministry of