جایگاه بیمه‌ی مسئولیت بهره‌بردار تأسیسات هسته‌ای در کنوانسیون‌های بین‌المللی راجع به مسئولیت مدنی هسته‌ای و نظام حقوقی ایران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

پژوهشگاه علوم و فنون هسته‌ای، سازمان انرژی اتمی ایران

چکیده

براساس کنوانسیون‌های بین‌المللی راجع به مسئولیت مدنی هسته‌ای، بهره‌بردار یا گرداننده‌ی تأسیسات هسته‌ای ملزم شده است که مسئولیت مدنی خود ناشی از خسارت‌‎های وارد شده به اشخاص زیان‌دیده را بیمه کند یا تأمین مالی برای آن فراهم آورد. الزام بهره‌بردار تأسیسات هسته‌ای به بیمه یا تأمین مالی کردن مسئولیت خود از قواعد تحفظ و تخطی‌ناپذیر کنوانسیون‌های فوق‌الذکر است. به‌ این مفهوم، دولت‌هایی که قصد ورود به این کنوانسیون‌ها را دارند نمی‌توانند با اِعمال حق شرط شمول مقررات مربوط به الزام بهره‌بردار به بیمه‌ی مسئولیت را نسبت به خود مستثنا، و قوانین یا مقررات ملی مغایر با چنین الزامی را تصویب و اجرایی کنند. این در شرایطی است که در نظام حقوقی کنونی ایران، قانون یا مقررات خاصی که بهره‌بردار تأسیسات هسته‌ای را به بیمه یا تأمین مالی مسئولیت خود ملزم کند، تصویب نشده است. در صورت الحاق کشور به کنوانسیون‌های مَذکور، دولت متعهّد به الزام بهره‌بردار تأسیسات هسته‌ای به فراهم آوردن بیمه یا سایر تأمین‌های مالی برای پوشش مسئولیت خود خواهد شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Status of Insurance of Liability of Operator of Nuclear Installation in International Conventions on Nuclear Civil Liability and legal Order of Iran

نویسنده [English]

  • S R. Pishrobat
Nuclear Science and Technology Research Institute, AEOI
چکیده [English]

According to International Conventions on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage, The Operator of Nuclear Installation is Obliged to provide Insurance or Other financial Gaurantees for its liability. Making Oblige the Operator of Nuclear Installations is one of the Non derogable and Non Reservable Rules of the Said Conventions. The States Intends to Accede to these Conventions may not Make any Reservation With Respect to those Provisions of the Conventions Relate to Obligation of Operator to provide Insurance for Its liability or adopt National laws or regulations contrary to this obligation. This is while that in Legal Order of Iran There exist no special law or Regulations Concerns to Oblige the Operator of Nuclear Installation to provide Insurance for Its liability. If Iran is Decided to Accede to these conventions It Shall oblige the Operator of Nuclear Installations to provide insurance for its liabilit.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Operator of Nuclear Installations
  • Insurance of Nuclear Civil Liability
  • Paris Convention on Third Party Liability in the Field of Nuclear Energy
  • Vienna Conventions on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage

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