اثرهای زیست محیطی گاز رادون – 222 و اهمیت توجّه به آن در ایران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

بخش زمین شناسی، دانشگاه شهید باهنرکرمان، صندوق پستی: 133-76175، ایران- کرمان

چکیده

ارزیابی اثرهای گاز رادون طبیعی در بروز سرطان ریه، کاربرد رادون در پیش بینی زمین‌لرزه و اکتشاف اورانیوم،  نفت و آبهای زیرزمینی در بسیاری از کشورهای پیشرفته مسائل شناخته شده و مهّمی می‌باشند. امّا به نظر می‌رسد در ایران تاکنون به این مسائل توجّه کافی مبذول نشده است. در این مقاله، با بررسی منابع متعدّد و جدید، نحوهء ایجاد رادون در خاک و آب، ارتباط رادون با سرطان ریه وچگونگی کاستن خطر رادون مرور شده‌اند. همچنین،  به جنبه‌های مثبت و کاربردی آن نیز اشاره شده است. با این امید که بتوان سطح دانش موجود در مورد رادون را بالا برد و اهمیت پژوهش در این زمینه را نشان داد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Environmental Impacts and Implications of The Radon-222, and its Urgency Attention in Iran

نویسنده [English]

  • A Abbasnezhad
چکیده [English]

Appraisal of the natural radon gas effects on lung cancer, and its applications for earthquake prediction and uranium, petroleum and ground water exploration are well known in many advanced countries, However, it has been almost neglected in Iran. So, radon production mechanisms in soils and rocks , radon and lung cancer, and radon hazard mitigation are reviewed. In addition, the noted postive and applied aspects of radon are discussed, hoping to show advantages of investigation in this field of study to be carried out in Iran.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Radon
  • lung cancer
  • natural radiogeny
  • indoor quality
  • earthquake prediction
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